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托福历年词汇精选100

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托福历年词汇精选 100 托福阅读词汇 (C) avoid thinking about (D) find a solution for 1. Most of these leaders were (B) speeds (C) distances 009. Thousands of tons were involved in public life as (D) periods extracted before 1875, when it reformers, activists working for was first noticed that the tar women's right to vote, or 005. The increasing water contained fossil re****ins. Major authors, and were not pressure under the glacier excavations were undertaken representative at all of the great might lift it off its bed, that established the significance of ordinary women. overcoming the friction between of this re****rkable site. The word "representative" is ice and rock, thus freeing the The word "noticed" is closest closest in meaning to which glacier, which rapidly sliders in meaning to which of of following? downhill surge glaciers also following? (A) typical might be influenced by the (A) predicted (B) satisfied cli****te, volcanic heat, or (B) announced (C) supportive earthquakes. (C) corrected (D) distinctive The word "freeing" is closest (D) observed in meaning to which of 002. In the United States, Louis following? 010. Since then, over 100 tons Comfort Tiffany (1843-1933) (A) pushing of fossils, 1.5 million from was the most noted exponent of (B) releasing vertebrates, 2.5 million from this style, producing a great (C) strengthening invertebrates, have been variety of glass forms and (D) draining recovered, often in densely su****ces, which were widely concentrated tangled ****sses. copied in their time and are 006. A flood of ice would then The word "tangled" is closest highly prized today. surge into the Southern Sea. in meaning to which of The word "prized" is closest With the continued rise in sea following? in meaning to which of level, more ice would plunge (A) buried beneath following? into the ocean, causing sea (B) twisted together (A) valued levels to rise even higher, which (C) quickly formed (B) universal in turn would release more ice (D) easily dated (C) uncommon and set in motion a vicious (D) preserved cycle. 011. The asphalt at La Brea The word "plunge" is closest seeps to the su****ce, especially 003. The Art Nouveau style was in meaning to which of in the summer, and forms a ****jor force in the decorative following? shallow puddles that would arts from ****5 until 1915, (A) drop often have been concealed by although its influence continued (B) extend leaves and dust. throughout the mid-1920's. It (C) melt The word "concealed" is was eventually to be overtaken (D) drift closest in meaning to which by a new school of thought of following? known as Functionalism that 007. Group members look to (A) highlighted had been present since the turn instrumental leaders to "get (B) covered of the century. things done." Expressive (C) transformed The word "overtaken" is leadership, on the other hand, is (D) contaminated closest in meaning to which leadership that emphasizes the of following? collective well-being of a social 012. The ocean bottom --- a (A) surpassed group's members. region nearly 2. 5 times greater (B) inclined The word "collective" is than the total land area of the (C) expressed closest in meaning to which Earth --- is a vast frontier that (D) applied of following? even today is largely unexplored (A) necessary and uncharted, until about a 004. During most of their lives, (B) typical century ago, the deep-ocean surge glaciers behave like (C) group floor was completely nor****l glaciers, traveling (D) particular inaccessible, hidden beneath perhaps only a couple of inches waters averaging over 3,600 per day. However, at intervals 008. They offer sympathy when meters deep. of 10 to 100 years, these someone experiences The word "inaccessible" is glaciers move forward up to 100 difficulties or is subjected to closest in meaning to which times faster than usual. discipline, are quick to lighten a of following? The word "intervals" is serious moment with humor, (A) unrecognizable closest in meaning to which and try to resolve issues that (B) unreachable of following? threaten to divide the group. (C) unusable (A) records The word "resolve" is closest (D) unsafe in meaning to which of 1 following? 013. The DSDP's drill ship, the (A) avoid repeating (B) talk about Glo****r Challenger, was able to 托福阅读词汇 with limited incomes, distrust ****intain a steady position on the regular food supply and buy the ocean's su****ce and drill in falling until in 1966, it stood at only expensive organic foods very deep waters, extracting the lowest level in 25 years. instead. samples of sediments and rock The word "peak" is closest in The word "****intain" is from the ocean floor. meaning to which of closest in meaning to which The word "extracting" is following? of following? closest in meaning to which (A) pointed (A) improve of following? (B) dis****l (B) monitor (A) breaking (C) mountain (C) preserve (B) locating (D) ****ximum (D) restore (C) removing (D) ****yzing 018. Although the growth in 022. In addition, there were Canada's population had slowed performers and since 014. Today, largely on the down by 1966 (the increase the considerable importance was strength of evidence gathered first half of the 1960's was only attached to avoiding mistakes in during the Glo****r Challenger's nine percent) , another large the enactment of rites, religious voyages, nearly all earth population wave was coming leaders usually assumed that scientists agree on the theories over the horizon. It would be task. of plate tectonics and composed of the children who The word "considerable" is continental drift that explain were born during the period of closest in meaning to which ****ny of the geological the high birth rate prior to of following? processes that shape the Earth. 1957. (A) thoughtful The word "strength" is The phrase "prior to" is (B) substantial closest in meaning to which closest in meaning to which (C) relational of following? of following? (D) ceremonial (A) basis (A) behind (B) purpose (B) since 023. In addition, there were (C) discovery (C) during performers and since (D) endurance (D) preceding considerable importance was attached to avoiding mistakes in 015. For every three Canadians 019. Advocates of organic foods the enactment of rites, religious in 1945, there were over five in --- a term whose meaning varies leaders usually assumed that 1966. In September 1966 greatly --- frequently proclaim task. Canada's population passed the that such products are safer and The word "enactment" is 20 million ****rk. Most of this more nutritious than others. closest in meaning to which surging growth came from The word "Advocates" is of following? natural increase. closest in meaning to which (A) establishment The word "surging" is closest of following? (B) perfor****nce in meaning to which of (A) Proponents (C) authorization following? (B) Merchants (D) season (A) new (C) Inspectors (B) extra (D) Consumers 024. Staggering tasks (C) accelerating confronted the people of the (D) surprising 020. There are numerous United States, North and South, unsubstantiated reports that when the Civil War ended. 016. When the prairies were natural vitamins are superior to About a million and a half being settled, undoubtedly, the synthetic ones, that fertilized sol****rs from both sides had to good economic conditions of the eggs are nutritionally superior be demobilized, readjusted to 1950's supported a growth in to unfertilized eggs, that civilian life, and reabsorbed by the population, but the untreated grains are better than the devastated economy. expansion also derived from a fumigated grains, and the like. The word "Staggering" is trend toward earlier ****rriages The word "unsubstantiated" closest in meaning to which and an increase in the average is closest in meaning to of following? size of families. which of following? (A) specialized The word "trend" is closest (A) unbelievable (B) confusing in meaning to which of (B) uncontested (C) various following? (C) unpopular (D) overwhelming (A) tendency (D) unverified (B) aim 025. About a million and a half (C) growth 021. But in ****ny cases sol****rs from both sides had to (D) directive consumers are misled if they be demobilized, readjusted to believe organic foods can civilian life, and reabsorbed by 017. After the peak year of ****intain health and provide the devastated economy. 1957, the birth rate in Canada better nutritional quality than The word "devastated" is began to decline. It continued conventionally grown foods. So closest in meaning to which there is real cause for concern if 2 consumers, particularly those of following? 托福阅读词汇 account for the interesting (A) developing question of how there came to (B) ruined Between ****0 and 1920, for be such a concentration of (C) complicated example, some 250,000 new pregnant ichthyosaurs in a (D) fragile residential lots were recorded particular place very close to within the borders of Chicago, their time of giving birth. 026. Some botanists most of them located in outlying The phrase "account for " is hypothesized that the living areas. closest in meaning to which cells of plants acted as pumps. The word "sparked" is of following? But ****ny experiments closest in meaning to which (A) record demonstrated that the stems of of following? (B) describe plants in which all the cells are (A) brought about (C) equal killed can still move water to (B) surrounded (D) explain appreciable heights. (C) sent out The word "demonstrated" is (D) followed 034. In the seventeenth century closest in meaning to which the organ, the clavichord, and of following? 030. Anxious to take advantage the harpsichord became the (A) ignored of the possibilities of chief instruments of the (B) showed commuting, real estate keyboard group, a supre****cy (C) disguised developers added 800,000 they ****intained until the piano (D) distinguished potential building sites to the supplanted them at the end of Chicago region in just thirty the eighteenth century. 027. As water is lost from the years-lots that could have The words "a supre****cy" in line su****ce of the leaves, a negative housed five to six million 9 are closest in meaning to pressure, or tension, is created. people. (A) a suggestion The evaporated water is The word "potential" is (B) an improvement replaced by water moving from closest in meaning to which (C) a dominance inside the plant in unbroken of following? (D) a development columns that extend from the (A) certain top of a plant to its roots. The (B) popular 035. A series of mechanical same forces that create su****ce (C) improved improvements continuing well tension in any sample of water (D) possible into the nineteenth century, are responsible for the including the introduction of ****intenance of these unbroken 031. The quality of preservation pedals to sustain tone or to columns of water. is outstanding, but what is even soften it, the perfection of a The word "extend" is closest more impressive is the number metal frame, and steel wire of in meaning to which of of ichthyosaur fossils containing the finest quality, finally following? preserved embryos. produced an instrument capable (A) stretch The word "outstanding" is of myriad tonal effects from the (B) branch closest in meaning to which most delicate harmonies to an (C) increase of following? almost orchestral fullness of (D) rotate (A) extensive sound, from a liquid, singing (B) surprising tone to a ship, percussive 028. By opening vast areas of (C) vertical brilliance. unoccupied land for residential (D) excellent The word "myriad" is closest expansion, the omnibuses, in meaning to which of horse railways, commuter 032. Ichthyosaurs with embryos following? trains, and electric trolleys have been reported from 6 (A) noticeable pulled settled regions outward different levels of the shale in a (B) ****ny two to four times more distant s****ll area around Holzamden, (C) loud from city centers than they suggesting that a specific site (D) unusual were in the premodern era. was used by large numbers of The word "vast" is closest in ichthyosaurs repeatedly over 036. Each one was virtually a meaning to which of time. stone town, which is why the following? The word "site" is closest in Spanish would later call them (A) large meaning to which of pueblos, the Spanish word for (B) basic following? towns. These pueblos represent (C) new (A) example one of the Anasazis' supreme (D) urban (B) location achievements. At least a dozen (C) development large stone houses took shape 029. The new accessibility of (D) characteristic below the bluffs of Chiaco land around the periphery of Canyon in northwest New almost every ****jor city sparked 033. The quality of preservation Mexico. an explosion of real estate is almost un****tched, and The word "supreme" is development and fueled what quarry operations have been closest in meaning to which we now know as urban sprawl. carried out carefully with an of following? awareness of the value of the 3 fossils. But these factors do not (A) most common 托福阅读词汇 (C) reduce (B) most outstanding (D) hold (C) most expensive following? (D) most convenient (A) totals 045. Coincident with concerns (B) successes about the accelerating loss of 037. They functioned as (C) musical compositions species and habitats has been a sanctuaries where the elders (D) groups of musicians growing appreciation of the met to plan festivals, perform importance of biological ritual dances, settle pueblo 041. The Earth comprises three diversity, the number of species affairs, and impart tribal lore to principal layers: the dense, iron- in a particular ecosystem, to the the younger generation. rich core, the ****ntle ****de of health of the Earth and hu****n The word "settle" is closest silicate rocks that are well-being. in meaning to which of semimolten at depth, and the The word "appreciation" is following? thin, solid-su****ce crust. closest in meaning to which (A) sink The word "comprises" is of following? (B) decide closest in meaning to which (A) ignorance (C) clarify of following? (B) recognition (D) locate (A) adapts to (C) tolerance (B) benefits from (D) forgiveness 038. Then, to connect the (C) consists of pueblos and to give access to (D) focuses on 046. An alien exploring Earth the surrounding tableland, the would probably give priority to architects laid out a system of 042. These plates move over the the planet's dominant, most- public roads with stone semimolten lower ****ntle to distinctive feature-the ocean. staircases for ascending cliff produce all of the ****jor Hu****ns have a bias toward faces. topographical features of the land that sometimes gets in the The word "ascending" is Earth. Active zones where way of truly examining global closest in meaning to which intense defor****tion occurs are issues. of following? confined to the narrow, The word "bias" is closest in (A) arriving at interconnecting boundaries of meaning to which of (B) carving contact of the plates. following? (C) connecting The word "intense" is closest (A) concern (D) climbing in meaning to which of (B) disadvantage following? (C) attitude 039. Within a very short time, (A) su****ce (D) prejudice however, the incongruity of (B) sudden playing lively music to a solemn (C) rare 047. The prevailing winds in the film became apparent, and film (D) extreme Great Basin are from the west. pianists began to take some Warm, moist air from the Pacific care in ****tching their pieces to 043. New oceanic crust is Ocean is forced upward as it the mood of the film. formed along one or more crosses the Sierra Nevada. The word "solemn" is closest ****rgins of each plate by The word "prevailing" is in meaning to which of ****terial issuing from deeper closest in meaning to which following? layers of the Earth's crust, for of following? (A) **** example, by volcanic eruptions (A) most frequent (B) serious of lava at midocean ridges. (B) occasional (C) short The word "****rgins" is (C) gentle (D) silent closest in meaning to which (D) most dangerous of following? 040. Certain films had music (A) edges 048. There seem to have been especially composed for them. (B) peaks several periods within the last The most famous of these early (C) interiors tens of thousands of years when special scores was that (D) distances water accumulated in these composed and arranged for D. basins. The rise and fall of the W. Griffith's film Birth of a 044. If at such a spreading lakes were undoubtedly linked Nation, which was released in contact the two plates support to the advances and retreats of 1915. continents, a rift is formed that the great ice sheets that The word "composed" is will gradually widen and covered much of the northern closest in meaning to which become flooded by the sea. The part of the North American of following? Atlantic Ocean formed like this continent during those times. (A) selected as the American and Afro- The word "accumulated" is (B) combined European plates move in closest in meaning to which (C) played opposite directions. of following? (D) created The word "support" is closest (A) dried The word "scores" is closest in meaning to which of (B) flooded in meaning to which of following? (C) collected (A) separate 4 (B) create (D) evaporated 托福阅读词汇 weather data into words, symbols, and vivid graphic 049. All living creature, products and labor saving displays that forecasters can especially hu****n beings, have devices of the industrial age. interpret easily and quickly. their peculiarities, but The phrase "largely The word "raw" is closest in everything about the little sea renounces" is closest in meaning to which of cucumber seems unusual. What meaning to which of following? else can be said about a bizarre following? (A) stormy ani****l that, among other (A) generally rejects (B) inaccurate eccentricities, eats mud, feeds (B) greatly modifies (C) uncooked almost continuously day and (C) loudly declares (D) unprocessed night but can live without (D) often criticizes eating for long periods, and can 057. People in the United States be poisonous but is considered 053. Secular institutions, of in the nineteenth century were supremely edible by gourmets? control such as the police and haunted by the prospect that The phrase "bizarre" is army take the place of religion unprecedented change in the closest in meaning to which and family in ****intaining order, nation's economy would bring of following? and a money-based economy social chaos. (A) odd prevails. Because of these The word "Prospect" is (B) ****rine contrasts, "popular" ****y be closest in meaning to which (C) **** viewed as clearly different from of following? (D) rare "folk". (A) regret The word "prevails" is (B) possibility 050. Its ****jor enemies are fish closest in meaning to which (C) theory and crabs, when attacked, it of following? (D) circumstance squirts all its internal organs (A) dominates into the water. It also casts off (B) provides 058. Although the birth rate attached structures such as (C) develops continued to decline from its tentacles. The sea cucumber (D) invests high level of the eighteenth and will eviscerate and regenerate early nineteenth century, the itself if it is attacked or even 054. Conventional computer population roughly doubled touched; it will do the same if models of the atmosphere have every generation during the rest the surrounding water limited value in predicting of the nineteenth centuries. As temperature is too high or if the short-lived local storms like the the population grew, its ****keup water becomes too polluted. Edmonton tornado, because the also changed. The phrase "casts off" is available weather data are The word "roughly" is closest closest in meaning to which generally not detailed enough to in meaning to which of of following? allow computers to discern the following? (A) grows again subtle atmospheric changes (A) harshly (B) grabs that precede these storms. (B) surprisingly (C) gets rid of The word "subtle" is closest (C) slowly (D) uses as a weapon in meaning to which of (D) approxi****tely following? 051. A folk culture is s****ll, (A) complex 059. Rapid industrialization and isolated, cohesive, conservative, (B) regular increased geographic mobility nearly self-sufficient group that (C) i****gined in the nineteenth century had is homogeneous in custom and (D) slight special implications for women race, with a strong family or because these changes tended clan structure and highly 055. Communications satellites to ****gnify social distinctions. developed rituals. can transmit data around the As the roles men and women The word "homogeneous" is world cheaply and played in society became more closest in meaning to which instantaneously, and modern rigidly defined, so did the roles of following? computers can quickly compile they played in the home. (A) uniform and ****yzing this large volume The word "****gnify" is (B) general of weather infor****tion. closest in meaning to which (C) primitive The word "compile" is of following? (D) traditional closest in meaning to which (A) solve of following? (B) explain 052. Unaltered folk cultures no (A) put together (C) ****yze longer exist in industrialized (B) look up (D) increase countries such as the United (C) pile high States and Canada. Perhaps the (D) work over The word "distinctions" is nearest modern equivalent in closest in meaning to which Anglo-America is the Amish, a 056. Meteorologists and of following? Ger****n American farming sect computer scientists now work (A) differences that largely renounces the together to design computer (B) classes programs and video equipment 5 capable of transforming raw (C) accomplishments 托福阅读词汇 following? (D) characteristics (A) solutions interest" in literature, music, (B) details 060. In science, a theory is a and art. (C) da****ge reasonable explanation of The word "sole" is closest in (D) infor****tion observed events that are meaning to which of related. A theory often involves following? 069. The variation between the an i****ginary model that helps (A) only hemispheres corresponds to scientists picture the way an (B) honorable which side of the body is used observed event could be (C) common to perform specific activities. produced. (D) official Such stu****s, as well as stu****s The word "related" is closest of tool use, indicate that right-or in meaning to which of 065. One award subsidizes a left-sided dominance is not following? promising American writer's exclusive to modern Homo (A) connected visit to Rome. There is even an sapiens. (B) described award for a very good work of The word "hemispheres" is (C) completed fiction that failed commercially- closest in meaning to which (D) identified once won by the young John of following? Updike for The Poorhouse Fair (A) differences 061. If observations confirm the and, more recently, by Alice (B) sides scientists' predictions, the Walker for In Love and Trouble. (C) activities theory is supported. The word "subsidizes" is (D) stu****s The word "supported" is closest in meaning to which closest in meaning to which of following? 070. Plants are subject to attack of following? (A) assures and infection by a re****rkable (A) finished (B) finances variety of symbiotic species and (B) adjusted (C) schedules have evolved a diverse array of (C) investigated (D) publishes mechanisms designed to (D) upheld frustrate the potential colonists. 066. Committee membership The phrase "subject to" is 062. The ice trade grew with rotates every year, so that new closest in meaning to which the growth of cities. Ice was voices and opinions are of following? used in hotels, taverns, and constantly heard. (A) susceptible to hospitals, and by some forward- The word "rotates" is closest (B) classified by looking city dealers in fresh in meaning to which of (C) attractive to meat, fresh fish, and butter. following? (D) strengthened by The phrase "forward- (A) alternates looking" is closest in (B) participates 071. The external su****ces of meaning to which of (C) decides plants, in addition to being following? (D) meets covered by an epidermis and a (A) progressive waxy cuticle, often carry spiky (B) popular 067. One important line of hairs known as trichomes, (C) thrifty evidence comes from flaking which either prevent feeding by (D) well-established patterns of stone cores used in insects or ****y even puncture tool ****king: implements flaked and kill insect larvae. 063. Making an efficient icebox with a clockwise motion The word "puncture" is was not as easy as we might (indicating a right-handed closest in meaning to which now suppose. In the early tool****ker) can be distinguished of following? nineteenth century, the from hose flaked with a counter- (A) pierce knowledge of the physics of clockwise rotation (indicating a (B) pinch heat, which was essential to a left-handed tool****ker) . (C) surround science of refrigeration, was The word "implements" is (D) cover rudimentary. closest in meaning to which The word "rudimentary" is of following? 072. Orchids are unique in closest in meaning to which (A) tools having the most highly of following? (B) designs developed of all blossoms, in (A) growing (C) examples which the usual ****le and (B) undeveloped (D) pieces fe****le reproductive organs are (C) necessary fused in a single structure (D) uninteresting 068. Even scratches found on called the column. fossil hu****n teeth offer clues. The word "fused" is closest 0****. Aside from perpetuating Ancient hu****ns are thought to in meaning to which of itself, the sole purpose of the have cut meat into strips by following? American Academy and holding it between their teeth (A) combined Institute of Arts and Letters is and slicing it with stone knives, (B) hidden to "foster, assist and sustain an as do the present-day Inuit. (C) fertilized The word "clues" is closest 6 in meaning to which of (D) produced 托福阅读词汇 (B) highest quality (C) earliest writers 073. To lure their pollinators (C) heavily burdened (D) most difficult language from afar, orchids use (D) charged too much appropriately intriguing shapes, 081. These writers, who can colors, and scents. At least 50 077. Therefore, in the 1950's genuinely be said to have different aro****tic compounds and 1960's, the baby boom hit created a genre, the "railroad have been ****yzed in the an antiquated and inadequate novel," are now mostly orchid family, each blended to school system. Consequently, forgotten, their names having attract one, or at most a few, the "custodial rhetoric" of the faded from memory. species of insects or birds. 1930's and early 1940's no The words "faded from" in line The word "lure" is closest in longer ****de sense; that is, 21 are closest in meaning to meaning to which of keeping youths aged sixteen (A) grew in following? and older out of the labor (B) disappeared from (A) attract ****rket by keeping them in (C) re****ined in (B) recognize school could no longer be a high (D) developed from (C) follow priority for an institution unable (D) help to find space and staff to teach 082. The engine that became younger children aged five to standard on western 074. Once the right insect has sixteen. steamboats was of a different been attracted, some orchids The word "inadequate" is and novel design. It was the present all sorts of one-way closest in meaning to which work pri****rily of an unsung obstacle courses to ****ke sure it of following? hero of American industrial does not leave until pollen has (A) deficient progress, Oliver Evans (1755- been accurately placed or (B) expanded 1819) . removed. (C) innovative The word "novel" is closest The word "placed" is closest (D) specialized in meaning to which of in meaning to which of following? following? 078. With the baby boom, the (A) fictional (A) esti****ted focus of educators and of (B) intricate (B) measured laymen interested in education (C) innovative (C) deposited inevitably turned toward the (D) powerful (D) identified lower grades and back to basic academic skills and discipline. 083. The self-educated son of a 075. By such ingenious The word "inevitably" is Delaware farmer, Evans early adaptations to specific closest in meaning to which became obsessed by the pollinators, orchids have of following? possibilities of mechanized avoided the hazards of rampant (A) unwillingly production and steam power. As crossbreeding in the wild, (B) impartially early as 1802 he was using a assuring the survival of species (C) irrationally stationary steam engine of high- as discrete identities. At the (D) unavoidably pressure design in his mill. same time they have ****de Engines of this type were not themselves irresistible to 079. Deeply philosophical unknown, but before Evans they collectors. historians such as Henry Adams were generally considered The word "discrete" is lamented the role that the new impractical and dangerous. closest in meaning to which frenzy for business was playing The word "stationary" is of following? in eroding traditional values. A closest in meaning to which (A) complicated distrust of industry and of following? (B) separate business continued among (A) single (C) inoffensive writers throughout the rest of (B) fixed (D) functional the nineteenth century and into (C) locomotive the twentieth. (D) modified 076. The public school system The word "lamented" is suddenly found itself overtaxed. closest in meaning to which 084. In shallow western rivers While the number of of following? the weight of vessel and engine schoolchildren rose because of (A) complained about was important; a heavy engine wartime and postwar (B) ****yzed added to the problem of conditions, these same (C) explained navigation. conditions ****de the schools (D) reflected on The word "vessel" is closest even less prepared to cope with in meaning to which of the flood. 080. One thinks of melodra****s, following? The word "overtaxed" is boys' books, thrillers, ro****nces, (A) fuel closest in meaning to which and the like rather than novels (B) crew of following? of the first rank. (C) cargo (A) well prepared The phrase "first rank" is (D) craft (B) plentifully supplied closest in meaning to which of following? 7 (A) largest category 085. The key concepts emerged 托福阅读词汇 (A) granted about 1957. Townes and Arthur (B) scheduled Schawlow, then at Bell following? (C) limited Telephone Laboratories, wrote a (A) copy (D) recommended long paper outlining the (B) illustrate conditions needed to amplify (C) promote 093. They were, by training, stimulated emission of visible (D) believe in social scientists, not historians, light waves. and their work tended to reflect The word "emerged" is 089. On the other hand, when it this bias. The questions they closest in meaning to which comes to substantive- framed and the techniques they of following? particularly behavioral- used were designed to help (A) increased infor****tion, crows are less well them understand, as scientists, (B) concluded known than ****ny comparably how people behaved. (C) succeeded common species and, for that The word "framed" is closest (D) appeared ****tter, not a few quite in meaning to which of The word "outlining" is uncommon ones: the following? closest in meaning to which endangered California condor, of following? to cite one obvious example. (B) read (A) assigning There are practical reasons for (C) avoided (B) studying this. (D) posed (C) checking The word "comparably" is (D) sum****rizing closest in meaning to which 094. In Kingston, New York, for of following? example, evidence has been 086. On this perfect su****ce, the (A) interestingly uncovered that indicates that artist would sketch a (B) similarly English goods were being composition with chalk, refine it (C) otherwise smuggled into that city at a time with inks, and then begin the (D) sometimes when the Dutch supposedly deliberate process of applying controlled trading in the area. thin layers of egg tempera paint 090. Being so educable, The word "supposedly" is (egg yolk in which pigments are individual birds have ****rkedly closest in meaning to which suspended) with s****ll brushes. different interests and of following? The word "deliberate" is inclinations, strategies and (A) ruthlessly closest in meaning to which scams. (B) tightly of following? The word "inclination" is (C) barely (A) decisive closest in meaning to which (D) seemingly (B) careful of following? (C) natural (A) tricks 095. And in Sacramento an (D) unusual (B) opportunities excavation at the site of a (C) preferences fashionable nineteenth-century 087. The quick-drying tempera (D) experiences hotel revealed that garbage had de****nded that the artist know been stashed in the building's exactly where each stroke be 091. The confusion and basement despite sanitation placed before the brush met the congestion of individual citizens laws to the contrary. panel, and it required the use of looking for their letters was The word "sanitation" is fine brushes. itself enough to discourage use closest in meaning to which The word "de****nded" is of the ****il. It is no wonder that, of following? closest in meaning to which during the years of these (A) city of following? cumbersome arrangements, (B) housing (A) ordered private letter-carrying and (C) health (B) reported express businesses developed. (D) trade (C) required The word "cumbersome" is (D) questioned closest in meaning to which 096. When Jules Verne wrote of following? Journey to the Center of the 088. The painter or ****ster who (A) burdensome Earth in 18****, there were ****ny is credited with having created (B) handsome conflicting theories about the the painting ****y have designed (C) loathsome nature of the Earth's interior. the work and overseen its (D) quarrelsome Some geologists thought that it production, but it is highly contained a highly compressed unlikely that the artist's hand 092. But this delivery service ball of incandescent gas, while applied every stroke of the was at first confined to cities, others suspected that it brush. More likely, numerous and free home delivery became consisted of separate shells, assistants, who had been a ****rk of urbanism. As late as each ****de of a different trained to imitate the artist's 1887, a town had to have ****terial. style, applied the paint. 10,000 people to be eligible for The word "conflicting" is The word "imitate" is closest free home delivery. closest in meaning to which in meaning to which of The word "Confined" is of following? closest in meaning to which 8 of following? (A) controlling 托福阅读词汇 (B) outdated (C) opposing (D) take over (D) important 097. Beyond a depth of around 001、A 002、A 003、A  2,900 kilometers, a great 004、D 005、B 006、A  change takes place and the 007、C 008、D 009、D  ****ntle gives way to the core. 010、B Some seismic waves cannot   011、B 012、B 013、C pass through the core and 014、A 015、C 016、A  others are bent by it. From this 017、D 018、D 019、A  and other evidence, geologists 020、D conclude that the outer core is   021、C 022、B 023、B probably liquid, with a solid 024、D 025、B 026、B  center. It is almost certainly 027、A 028、A 029、A  ****de of iron, mixed with 030、D s****ller amount of other   031、D 032、B 033、D elements such as nickel. 034、C 035、B 036、B  The phrase "gives way to" is 037、C 038、D 039、B  closest in meaning to which 040、D、C of following?   041、C 042、D 043、A (A) runs along 044、D 045、B 046、D  (B) rubs against 047、A 048、C 049、A  (C) turns into 050、C (D) floats on   051、A 052、A 053、A 054、D 055、A 056、D  098. Although scientists can 057、B 058、D 059、D、A  speculate about its nature, 060、A neither hu****ns nor ****chines   061、D 062、A 063、B will ever be able to visit it. The word "speculate" is closest in meaning to which of following? (A) report (B) learn (C) worry (D) hypothesize 099. Farmers could get better prices for their crops if the alternative existed of sending them directly eastward to ****rket, and merchants could sell larger quantities of their ****nufactured goods if these could be transported more directly and more economically to the west. The word "alternative" is closest in meaning to which of following? (A) option (B) transition (C) intention (D) authorization 100. The distance was more than 350 miles, and there were ridges to cross and a wilderness of woods and swamps to penetrate. The word "penetrate" is closest in meaning to which of following? (A) cut down 9 (B) go through 托福阅读词汇 0****、A 065、B 066、A  150、C 067、A 068、D 069、B    151、B 152、D 153、A 070、A 154、D 155、A 156、D    071、A 072、A 073、A 157、C 158、D 159、D  074、C 075、B 076、C  160、D 077、A 078、D 079、A    161、B 162、A 163、C 080、B 1****、D 165、C 166、C    081、B 082、C 083、B 167、B 168、C 169、D  084、D 085、D 086、B  170、C 087、C 088、A 089、B    171、A 172、D 173、B 090、C 174、A 175、B 176、A    091、A 092、C 093、D 177、B 178、A、B 179、D  094、D 095、C 096、C  180、A 097、C 098、D 099、A    181、C 182、A 183、B 100、B 184、B 185、A 186、D    101、A 102、D 103、D 187、B 188、D ****、A  104、A 105、C 106、D、A  190、D 107、A 108、A 109、D    191、B 192、A 193、D 110、B 194、A 195、C 196、B    111、C 112、A 113、C 197、B 198、A 199、A  ****、D 115、B 116、C  200、C 117、C 118、B 119、A  120、A、D   121、A 122、A 123、B 124、B 125、A 126、C  127、D 128、A 129、B  130、C   131、A 132、D 133、D 134、D 135、C 136、B  137、B 138、D 139、B  140、A   141、C 142、C 143、B 144、B 145、C 146、D、B  1407、A 148、D 149、D  托福阅读词汇 11
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