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小学英语语法总结(含练习部分)

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小学英语语法总结(含练习部分) 一、名词复数规则 1.一般情况下,直接加-s,如:book-books, bag-bags, cat-cats, bed-beds 2.以 s. x. sh. ch 结尾,加-es,如:bus-buses, box-boxes, brush-brushes, watch-watches 3.以“辅音字母 y”结尾,变 y 为 i, 再加-es,如:family-families, strawberry-strawberries 4.以“f 或 fe”结尾,变 f 或 fe 为 v, 再加-es,如:knife-knives ] Leaf——leaves 5.不规则名词复数: ****n-men, wo****n-women, police****n-policemen, policewo****n-policewomen, child-children foot-feet,.tooth-teeth fish-fish, people-people, Chinese-Chinese, Japanese-Japanese 写出下列各词的复数 I _________him _________this ___________her ______ watch _______child _______photo ________diary ______ day________ foot________ book_______ dress ________ tooth_______ sheep ______box_______ strawberry _____ peach______ sandwich ______dish_______bus_______ ****n______ wo****n_______ 二、一般现在时 一般现在时基本用法介绍 【No. 1】一般现在时的功能 1.表示事物或人物的特征、状态。如:The sky is blue.天空是蓝色的。 2.表示经常性或习惯性的动作。如:I get up at six every day.我天天六点起床。 3.表示客观现实。如:The earth goes around the sun.地球绕着太阳转。 一般现在时的构成 1. be 动词:主语 be(am,is,are) 其它。如: I am a boy.我是一个男孩。 2.行为动词:主语 行为动词( 其它)。如: We study English.我们学习英语。 当主语为第三人称单数(he, she,it)时,要在动词后加"-s"或"-es"。如:Mary likes Chinese.玛丽喜欢汉语。 【No. 2】一般现在时的变化 1. be 动词的变化。 否定句:主语 be not 其它。 如:He is not a worker.他不是工人。 一般疑问句:Be 主语 其它。 如:-Are you a student? -Yes. I am. / No, I'm not. 非凡疑问句:疑问词 一般疑问句。如:Where is my bike? 2.行为动词的变化。 否定句:主语 don't( doesn't ) 动词原形( 其它)。如: I don't like bread. 当主语为第三人称单数时,要用 doesn't 构成否定句。如: He doesn't often play. 一般疑问句:Do( Does ) 主语 动词原形 其它。如: - Do you often play football? - Yes, I do. / No, I don't. 当主语为第三人称单数时,要用 does 构成一般疑问句。如: - Does she go to work by bike? - Yes, she does. / No, she doesn't. 动词 s 的变化规则 1.一般情况下,直接加-s,如:cook-cooks, milk-milks 2.以 s. x. sh. ch. o 结尾,加-es,如:guess-guesses, wash-washes, watch-watches, go-goes 3.以“辅音字母 y”结尾,变 y 为 i, 再加-es,如:study-stu****s 一般现在时用法专练: 一、 写出下列动词的第三人称单数 drink ________ go _______ stay ________ ****ke ________ look _________ have_______ pass_______ carry ____ come________ watch______ plant_______ fly ________ study_______ brush________ do_________ teach_______ wash_______ 二、用括****内动词的适当形式填空。 1. He often ________(have) dinner at home. 2. Daniel and Tommy _______(be) in Class One. 3. We _______(not watch) TV on Monday. 4. Nick _______(not go) to the zoo on Sunday. 5. ______ they ________(like) the World Cup? 6. What _______they often _______(do) on Saturdays? 7. _______ your parents _______(read) newspapers every day? 8. The girl _______(teach) us English on Sundays. 9. She and I ________(take) a walk together every evening. 10. There ________(be) some water in the bottle. 11. Mike _______(like) cooking. 12. They _______(have) the same hobby. 13. My aunt _______(look) after her baby carefully. 14. You always _______(do) your homework well. 15. I _______(be) ill. I’m staying in bed. 16. She _______(go) to school from Monday to Friday. 17. Liu Tao _______(do) not like PE. 18. The child often _______(watch) TV in the evening. 19. Su Hai and Su Yang _______(have) eight lessons this term. 20. -What day _______(be) it today? - It’s Saturday 三、现在进行时 1.现在进行时表示现在正在进行或发生的动作,也可表示当前一段时间内的活动或现阶段正在进行的动作。 2.现在进行时的肯定句基本结构为 be 动词 ing. 3.现在进行时的否定句在 be 后加 not。 4.现在进行时的一般疑问句把 be 动词调到句首。 5.现在进行时的非凡疑问的基本结构为: 疑问词不达意 be 主语 动词 ing? 但疑问词当主语时其结构为: 疑问词不达意 be 动词 ing? 动词加 ing 的变化规则 1.一般情况下,直接加 ing,如:cook-cooking 2.以不发音的 e 结尾,去 e 加 ing,如:****ke-****king, taste-tasting 3.假如末尾是一个元音字母和一个辅音字母,双写末尾的辅音字母,再加 ing,如:run-running, stop-stopping 现在进行时专项练习: 一、写出下列动词的现在分词: play________ run__________ swim _________****ke__________ go_________ like________ write________ _ski___________ read________ have_________ sing ________ dance_________ put_________ see________ buy _________ love____________ live_______ take_________ come ________ get_________ stop_________ sit ________ begin________ shop___________ 二、用所给的动词的正确形式填空: 1.The boy __________________ ( draw)a picture now. 2. Listen .Some girls _______________ ( sing)in the classroom . 3. My mother _________________ ( cook )some nice food now. 4. What _____ you ______ ( do ) now? 5. Look . They _______________( have) an English lesson . 6.They ____________(not ,water) the flowers now. 7.Look! the girls ________________(dance )in the classroom . 8.What is our granddaughter doing? She _________(listen ) to music. 9. It’s 5 o’clock now. We _____________(have)supper now 10.______Helen____________(wash )clothes? Yes ,she is . 四、将来时理论及练习 一、概念:表示将要发生的动作或存在的状态及打算、计划或预备做某事。句中一般有以下时间状语: tomorrow, next day(week, month, year…),soon, the day after tomorrow(后天)等。 二、基本结构:① be going to do; ②will do. 三、否定句:在 be 动词(am, is, are)l 后加 not 或情态动词 will 后加 not 成 won’t。 例如:I’m going to have a picnic this afternoon.→ I’m not going to have a picnic this afternoon. 四、同义句:be going to = will I am going to go swimming tomorrow(明天). = I will go swimming tomorrow. 练习: 填空。 1. 我打算明天和朋友去野炊。 I_____ _______ _________ have a picnic with my friends. I ________ have a picnic with my friends. 2.我们将要学习英语 We _____ _______ _________ learn English. We ________ learn English. 五、一般过去时 1.一般过去时表示过去某个时间发生的动作或存在的状态,常和表示过去的时间状语连用。一般过去时也表示过去经常或反复发生的 动作。 2.Be 动词在一般过去时中的变化: ⑴am 和 is 在一般过去时中变为 was。(was not=wasn’t) ⑵are 在一般过去时中变为 were。(were not=weren’t) 3.句中没有 be 动词的一般过去时的句子 否定句:didn’t 动词原形,如:Jim didn’t go home yesterday. 动词过去式变化规则: 1.一般在动词末尾加-ed,如:work__-worked , cook-cooked 2.结尾是 e 加 d,如:live____lived 3.末尾只有一个元音字母和一个辅音字母的重读闭音节,应双写末尾的辅音字母,再加-ed,如:stop-stopped 4.以“辅音字母 y”结尾的,变 y 为 i, 再加-ed,如:study-stu****d 5.不规则动词过去式: am,is-was, are-were, do-did, see-saw, say-said, give-gave, get-got, go-went, come-came, have-had, eat-ate, take-took, run-ran, sing-sang, put-put, ****ke-****de, read-read, write-wrote, draw-drew, drink-drank, swim-swam, sit-sat 过去时练习 写出下列动词的过去式 is\am_________ plant________ are ________ drink_________ play_______ go________ ****ke ________ does_________ dance________ worry________ ask _____ taste_________ eat__________ put ______ kick_________ pass_______ do ________ Be 动词的过去时练习(1) Name ____________ No. ______ Date __________ 一、 用 be 动词的适当形式填空 1. I _______ at school just now. 2. He ________ at the camp last week. 3. We ________ students two years ago. 4. They ________ on the farm a moment ago. 5. Yang Ling ________ eleven years old last year. 6. There ________ an apple on the plate yesterday. 7. There ________ some milk in the fridge on Sunday. 8. The mobile phone _______ on the sofa yesterday evening. 一、用 be 动词的适当形式填空 1. I ______ an English teacher now. 2. She _______ happy yesterday. 3. They _______ glad to see each other last month. 行为动词的过去时练习(2) Name ____________ No. ______ Date __________ 一、用 be 动词的适当形式填空 1. I ______ (watch) a cartoon on Saturday. 2. Her father _______ (read) a newspaper last night. 3. We _________ to zoo yesterday, we _____ to the park. (go) 4. ______ you _______ (visit) your relatives last Spring Festival? 5. ______ he _______ (fly) a kite on Sunday? Yes, he ______. 6. Gao Shan _______ (pull) up carrots last National Day holiday. 7. I ____________ (sweep) the floor yesterday, but my mother ______. 8. What ______ she _______ (find) in the garden last morning? She __________ (find) a beautiful butterfly. 六、人称代词和物主代词 主格 宾格 形容词性 名词性 I me my mine you you youryours he him his his she her her hers itit its its we us our ours they them theirtheirs 习题 一.用所给词的适当形式填空 1. That is not _________ kite. That kite is very s****ll, but _________ is very big. ( I ) 2. The dress is _________. Give it to _________. ( she ) 3. Is this _________ watch? (you) No, it’s not _________ . ( I ) 4. _________ is my brother. _________ name is Jack. Look! Those stamps are _________. ( he ) 二、用 am, is, are 填空 1. I ______ a boy. ______ you a boy? No, I _____ not. 2. The girl______ Jack's sister. 3. The dog _______ tall and fat. 4. The ****n with big eyes _______ a teacher. 5. ______ your brother in the classroom? 6. Where _____ your mother? She ______ at home. 7. How _______ your father? 8. Mike and Liu Tao ______ at school. 9. Whose dress ______ this? 10. Whose socks ______ they?
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